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American Revolutionary War
Date April 19, 1775 – September 3, 1783

(7 years, 11 months, 3 weeks and 2 days)

Location Eastern North America, Atlantic, Caribbean
Result Peace of Paris: Britain recognizes the
United States
Territorial

changes

In North America Britain loses area east of
Mississippi River and south of Great
Lakes and St. Lawrence River
to independent United States and to Spain;
Spain gains East and West Florida
Belligerents
23px-Flag of the United States.svg United States
22px-Flag of France.svg France (1778–83)
22px-Flag of Spain.svg Spain (1779–83)
22px-Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dutch Republic (1780–83)
Native American Tribes:
Oneida
Tuscarora
Catawba
Lenape
Mahican
23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain
23px-Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland
23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg American Loyalists
22px-Flag of Germany.svg German auxiliaries
Native American Tribes:
Onondaga
Mohawk
Cayuga
Seneca
Cherokee
Commanders and leaders

23px-Flag of the United States.svg George Washington
23px-Flag of the United States.svg Nathanael Greene
23px-Flag of the United States.svg Horatio Gates
23px-Flag of the United States.svg Richard Montegomery
23px-Flag of the United States.svg Daniel Morgan
23px-Flag of the United States.svg Henry Knox
23px-Flag of the United States.svg Benedict Arnold (defected)
23px-Flag of the United States.svg Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
23px-Flag of the United States.svg Marquis de La Fayette
22px-Flag of France.svg Comte de Rochambeau
22px-Flag of France.svg Comte de Grasse
22px-Flag of France.svg Duc de Crillon
22px-Flag of France.svg Bailli de Suffren
22px-Flag of Spain.svg Bernardo de Gálvez
22px-Flag of Spain.svg Luis de Córdova
22px-Flag of Spain.svg Juan de Lángara

23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir William Howe
23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Thomas Gage
23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Henry Clinton
23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Lord Cornwallis (POW)
23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Guy Carleton
23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg John Burgoyne (POW)
23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg George Elliott
23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Benedict Arnold
23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg George Rodney
23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Richard Howe
23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Hectro Munro
23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Wilhelm von Knyphausen
23px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Banastre Tarleton Joseph Brant
Strength
At Height:

35,000 Continentals
44,500 Militia
5,000 Continental Navy
sailors (at height in 1779)
53 ships (active service at
some point during the
war)
12,000 French (in America)

49,000 (8,600 in
North America) (1775)

110,000 (56,000 in North
America/West Indies) (1781)
78 Royal Navy ships in 1775
171,000 Sailors
30,000 Germans
19,000 Loyalists
20,000 Freed slaves in the
service of the British army
13,000 Natives

Casualties and losses

American: 25,000 dead

  • 8,000 in battle
  • 17,000 by other causes



Total American casualties:
up to 50,000 dead and
wounded
Allies:

  • France: 10,000 battle deaths
    (75% at sea)
  • Spain: 5,000
24,000 British casualties
from battle and disease
7,554 GermanS dead