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British Empire 2018

The current Empire noted in red

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom. It originated with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. At its height, it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power. As of 2014 the empires population is around 2.5 billion which is about 35% of the worlds population. The empire covers about 42,000,000 km2, almost a quarter of the Earth's total land area. As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread. At the peak of its power, the phrase "the empire on which the sun never sets" was often used to describe the British Empire, because its expanse around the globe meant that the sun was always shining on at least one of its territories.

During the Age of Discovery in the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal and Spain pioneered European exploration of the globe, and in the process established large overseas empires. Envious of the great wealth these empires generated, England, France, and the Netherlands began to establish colonies and trade networks of their own in the Americas and Asia. A series of wars in the 17th and 18th centuries with the Netherlands and France left England (and then, following union between England and Scotland in 1707, Great Britain) the dominant colonial power in North America and India.

The United States, then the thirteen colonies, gained independence in 1783 during the American Revolutionary War but it returned to the empire during the 1801 British Invasion of the United States. During the 1960s both Tanzania and Somalia were given independence. Britain planned to recapture Tanzania and alongside the United States, India and Australia invaded Tanzania in 1999, which began the two and a half year long Tanzania War in which Tanzania rejoined the empire and so did Somalia as the surpisingly helped Tanzania.

By the start of the twentieth century, Germany had eroded some of Britain's economic lead. Subsequent military and economic tensions between Britain and Germany were major causes of the First World War, during which Britain relied heavily upon its empire. The conflict placed enormous financial and population strain on Britain. Although the empire achieved its largest territorial extent immediately after World War I, Britain was no longer a peerless industrial or military power. In the Second World War, Britain's colonies in South-East Asia were occupied by Japan. Despite the eventual victory of Britain and its allies, this damaged British prestige and accelerated the decline of the empire. Despite a seemingly rapid decline of the empire during the Cold War, James III's full control in 1995 helped the empire re-grow during the late 1990s and the early 21st century. Though Britain did shock everyone as they invaded four nations (Iraq, Afghanistan, Tanzania and Somalia) in just four years from 1999 to 2003.

List of nations in the EmpireEdit

Country Pop. Prime Minister GDP (PPP) Capital
Afghanistan 31.822 Ashraf Ghani $36.838 billion Kabul
Anguilla 0.013 Tim Foy $108.9 million The Valley
Antigua & Barbuda 0.082 Rodney Williams $1.579 billion Saint John's
Australia 23.568 Malcolm Turnbull $1.436 trillion Canberra
Austria 8.823 Alexander Van der Bellen $461.432 billion Vienna
Bahamas 0.319 Huburt Minnis $11.055 billion Nassau
Bahrain 1.348 Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa $31.101 billion Manama
Barbados 0.278 Freundel Stuart $7.053 billion Bridgetown
Bangladesh 162.952 Abdul Hamid $751.949 billion Dhaka
Bermuda 0.064 John Rankin $5.47 billion Hamilton
Bhutan 0.743 Tshering Tobgay $1.488 billion Thimphu
Botswana 2.251 Mokgweesti Masisi $41.6 billion Gaborone
British Virgin Islands 0.028 Augustus Jaspert $853.4 million Road Town
Cameroon 22.535 Paul Biya $53.162 billion Yaoundé
Canada 35.428 Justin Trudeau $1.585 trillion Ottawa
Cayman Islands 0.057 Anwar Choudhury $3.268 billion George Town
Chile 17.574 Sebastián Piñera $300 billion Santiago
Cyprus 1.117 Nicos Anastasiades $23.613 billion Nicosia
Dominica 0.073 Charles Savarin $1.002 billion Roseau
Egypt 86.503 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi $576.35 billion Cairo
Falkland Islands 0.003 Nigel Phillips $164.5 million Stanley
Fiji 0.858 George Konrote $4.25 billion Suva
Finland 5.521 Sauli Niinistö $257 billion Helsinki
Gambia 1.882 Adama Barrow $918 million Banjul
Ghana 27 Nana Akufo-Addo $103 billion Accra
Gibraltar 0.03 Ed Davis $1.67 billion Gibraltar
Greece 10.768 Prokopis Pavlopulos $311.65 billion Athens
Grenada 0.11 Keith Mitchell $1.467 billion St. George's
Guyana 0.736 David Granger $6.155 billion Georgetown
Honduras 8.25 Juan Orlando Hernández $35.697 billion Tegucigalpa
Hong Kong 7.235 Carrie Lam $404.892 billion Cental
India 1210.2 Ram Nath Kovind $5.245 trillion New Delhi
Iraq 36.005 Fuad Masum $242.5 billion Baghdad
Ireland 4.593 Michael D. Higgins $192.223 billion Dublin
Jamaica 2.889 Andrew Holness $25.317 billion Kingston
Jordan 7.93 Hani Al-Mulki $39.29 billion Amman
Kenya 44.038 Uhuru Kenyatta $41.117 billion Nairobi
Kiribati 0.104 Taneti Mamau $599 million South Tarawa
Kuwait 4.045 Jaber Mubarak al-Sabah $163.671 billion Kuwait City
Lesotho 2.067 Tom Thabane $4.277 billion Maseru
Madagascar 24.895 Rivo Rakotovao $40.055 billion Antanarivo
Malaysia 30.235 Najib Tun Razak $555.912 billion Kuala Lumpur
Malta 0.453 Marie Louise Coleiro Preca $11.26 billion Valletta
Micronesia 0.105 Peter Christian $342 million Palikir
Montserrat 0.005 Andrew Pearce $43.5 million Plymouth
Myanmar 61.12 Win Myint $111.12 billion Naypyidaw
Namibia 2.113 Hage Geingob $18.8 billion Windheok
Nauru 0.009 Baron Waqa $36.9 million Yaren
New Zealand 4.537 Jacinda Ardern $122.193 billion Wellington
Nicaragua 6.071 Daniel Ortega $29.899 billion Managua
Nigeria 174.506 Muhammadu Buhari $1.018 trillion Abuja
Oman 4.013 Qaboos bin Said al Said $90.055 billion Muscat
Papua New Guinea 7.06 Peter O'Neill $19.828 billion Port Moresby
Pitcairn Islands 0.00006 Laura Clarke $217,000 Adamstown
Qatar 2.115 Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani $214.575 billion Doha
Samoa 0.194 Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi $1.090 billion Apia
Sierra Leone 6.19 Julius Maada Bio $8.276 billion Freetown
Singapore 5.399 Halimah Yacob $348.7 billion Downtown Core
Solomon Islands 0.523 Rick Houenipwela $1.725 billion Honiara
Somalia 10.428 Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed $5.896 billion Mogadishu
South Africa 54.002 Cyril Ramaphosa $623.201 billion Cape Town
Sri Lanka 20.278 Mairhtipala Sirisena $142.719 billion Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
St. Kitts & Nevis 0.051 Timothy Harris $1.087 billion Basseterre
St. Lucia 0.174 Allen Chastanet $2.101 billion Castries
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.103 Ralph Gonsalves $1.259 billion Kingstown
Sudan 37.289 Omar al-Bashir $94 billion Khartoum
Suriname 0.567 Dési Bouterse $5.06 billion Paramaribo
Swaziland 1.106 Sibusiso Dlamini $7.039 billion Lobamba
Tanzania 46.2 John Pombe Magufuli $86 billion Dodoma
Tonga 0.103 'Akilisi Pōhiva $439 million Nuku'alofa
Trinidad & Tobago 1.224 Paula-Mae Weekes $28.414 billion Port of Spain
Turks & Caicos Islands 0.031 John Freeman n/a Cockburn Town
Tuvalu 0.011 Enele Sopoaga $36 million Funafuti
Uganda 35.873 Yoweri Museveni $50.439 billion Kampala
United Arab Emirates 9.206 Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan $272 billion Abu Dhabi
United States 318.968 Donald Trump $16.768 trillion Washington, D.C.
Vanuatu 0.267 Tallis Obed Moses $1.204 billion Port Vila
Venezuela 28.946 Nicolás Maduro $545.704 billion Caracas
Yemen 23.833 Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi $58.202 billion Sana'a
Zambia 13.309 Edgar Lungu $23.967 billion Lusaka
Zimbabwe 12.974 Emmerson Mnangagwa $7.731 billion Harare